Same-sex marriage in the United States
Same-sex marriage in the United States by the federal government acknowledged that at the same time according to the judgment of the Supreme Court, the state shall give recognition, and shall not refuse to grant marriage certificates to give same-sex couples.
Fight for the rights of same-sex marriage and same-sex couples rights movement began in the 1970s , in 1993 the Supreme Court of Hawaii ruled that the state ban on same-sex marriage in the case of Bell v. Mike quickly became an important issue in American politics after unconstitutional. In the 21st century, calls for public support for same-sex marriage was significantly higher , since the 2011 national polls have shown that most Americans support same-sex marriage. May 17, 2004, after the Massachusetts Supreme Court ordered the state to become the first state to legalize same-sex marriage.
May 9, 2012, Barack Obama became the first publicly supported same-sex marriage in the US president. November 6, 2012, Maine, Maryland and Washington took the lead through a referendum decided to same-sex marriage legal.
June 26, 2013, the US Supreme Court overturned the ban at the federal level recognize same-sex marriage bill in the case of United States v. Windsor. After this, the United States Federal District Court 27 states, state court decision six states ban same-sex marriage unconstitutional, while a state court judgment only for the recognition of the legitimacy of same-sex marriages performed in other jurisdictions.
US Court of Appeals level, fourth, seven, nine, ten Circuit Court of Appeals found the ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional, and the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals took the opposite view. After October 6, 2014 the US Supreme Court rejected appeals from Indiana, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia and Wisconsin, the above-mentioned five states to legalize same-sex marriage, this decision also rapidly promote the legalization of same-sex marriage in several other states. Due to differences in the Court of Appeal judgment, January 16, 2015, the US Supreme Court agreed to accept four cases of appeals from the Sixth Circuit area.
June 26, 2015, the US Supreme Court ruled same-sex marriage rights guaranteed by the Constitution in Hodges case, all states may not prohibit same-sex marriage legislation, the nation to legalize same-sex marriage. The United States became the fifth American country to legalize same-sex marriage, but also in Canada following the second North American country to legalize same-sex marriage.
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